For a manufacturing company, the significance of environmental awareness means not only responsibility regarding the health of man and environment, but also means transparency in the communication of the impacts its products have on the environment and the actions undertaken to reduce them.
This transparency is the starting point for an eco-sustainable future, within the office furniture branch too.
Respect for the environment is of paramount importance for the company in carrying out its production activity. To this end, Donati S.p.a. has obtained the certification of its environmental management system in accordance with the UNI EN ISO 14001: 2015 standard. To be certified in accordance with this standard represents a voluntary choice of the company, undertaken with the intention of implementing and maintaining its own environmental management system and improving its environmental performances.
The certification is issued following the verification, by an accredited institution, of the management system implemented by the organization itself in order to monitor and check the environmental impacts of its activities and for their improvement.
The commitment of the company to UNI EN ISO 14001:2015 full compliance and principles’ implementation has led to the promotion of a policy towards a specific attention in terms of environmental needs and health and safety requirements:
Starting from 2015, the company has set one major goal for the quadrennium, also deriving from the release of the brand-new UNI EN ISO 14001:2015 standard, that is to consider environmental impacts in a Life Cycle Perspective (LCP), devoting specific attention to available methods and techniques in the field of Design for the Environment, where possible, trying to:
* The complete disassembly of the piece is possible; however, the company does not handle the retrieval of the components as the company produces semi-finished products: the semi-finished product follows the finished one, thus, the chair.
Donati manufactures high-quality products with a high technological content, created with environmentally-friendly and reusable materials (in accordance with REACH Regulation No. 1907/2006/EC and following amendments). In addition, the company verifies with its suppliers that raw materials used do not come from conflict areas (3TG and R.E.E. policies). The raw materials used in the production of Donati’s products are mainly aluminum, steel and plastic.
The aluminum used for Donati’s products is, by definition, secondary aluminum. Aluminum ingots used in the production process are made of recycled aluminum since, owing to its technical characteristics, aluminum can be recast. As follows, aluminum ingots consist of:
Depending on the type of alloy used, the internal composition of alloying elements (lead, zinc, etc.) may vary.
The componentry used within Donati’s products is substantially composed of second-grade steel, in the form of different types of metal sheets and small purchase parts as screws or fittings.
The steel used in the manufacturing process is composed of recovered materials (scraps) in a percentage varying from 25 to 100%, also depending on the technical function of the type of product to be manufactured.
The plastic material used within Donati’s products includes various types, which comprise both high grade (namely, virgin) and second grade (recycled) plastics.
The plastic recycled content of purchased material is extremely variable and is related to the type of plastic and to the componentry to be manufactured.
Once produced, each component is labelled according to the symbology coded in the UNI EN ISO 11469:2001 standard (concerning generic identification and marking of plastic products), in order to facilitate the discarding of the item and its recovery.
The company, during the production process, performs controls, on the purchase plastic material, with technologically advanced equipment, with the aim of ensuring compliance with the regulations in force.
Toxic substances are considered «those which harm the natural environment and human health». The company chooses reliable and qualified suppliers and performs for each manufacturer an accurate and punctual check of material safety data sheets (MSDS).
Furthermore, the company carries out environmental investigations for the protection of health and environment and attempts, wherever possible and-or necessary, to use closed machinery, that involve closed-cycle operations or, alternatively, to replace hazardous products with more eco-friendly products.
For the production of all items, raw materials complying with Italian national standards and EU standards are used, such as:
Further compliance is also checked with regard to the materials used, such as radiometric controls for aluminum (according to Directive 96/29/Euratom and following amendments and integrations).
In addition, upon customers’ request, it is possible to check the specific compatibility with other local and international regulations.
Energy is a priority topic for the company in order to avoid waste, therefore the energy indexes get constantly monitored.
In the production process the biggest quantity of consumption of resources used is represented by electricity: after having assessed the various solutions for the production of clean energy existing on the market, the company chose to realize two solar panel plants (150 kW at the plant in Rodengo Saiano and 400 kW at the plant in Gissi) in two of its four operative sites. The realization was completed in June 2016; both plants became perfectly operating starting from August 2016.
Apart from the beneficial decrease in non-renewables energy resources’ consumption, the photovoltaic plants will lead to a decrease in CO2 emissions.
Other realized investments are the installation of a power column for power supply, and the transition to a lighting system powered by LED lamps. Under assessment are the installation of power inverters and power optimizer.
Donati’s packaging consists of non-complex and recyclable materials: paper, wood and plastic. Over the years, the company has invested a lot to improve the efficiency of its packaging and has introduced various solutions for an alternative type of packaging both to improve efficiency and to reduce the impact on the environment like the usage of a transport net for internal and external circulation of products based on plastic baskets, replacing those composed of paper, or the use of more capacious boxes for mechanisms and bases, and also of more durable metal packaging for some customers.
Internal transport is mostly due to assembly phases. The company has introduced practices to pursue efficiency (e.g. shifting of logistics area adjacent to manufacturing plant).
Hitherto, external transports used to be generally managed by customers (thus limiting company’s responsibility to cradle-to-gate).
Now, the number of shipments (by truck, train, ship, plane, etc.) to the customer is increasing, therefore the environmental accountability has become harder.
A goal of the company is to optimize goods’ stream to lessen the carbon footprint of the product and to realize detailed G.W.P. accounting for company transports.
Ordinary waste produced within the company come from production processes (generated throughout the whole product life cycle), offices and other departments. The company is conscious of the importance of managing waste so as to favour and enhance, wherever possible, recovery and recycling rather than disposal measures, by applying procedures and specific instructions and, above all, by training its staff on the topic and seeking innovative solutions and technologies.
All the waste gets collected and separately disposed: paper, mixed packaging, cartridges, exhaust toner, etc. are given to the disposal plant for recovering and, most of the times, recycling.
A goal of the company is to increase the percentage of waste sent to recovery operations against the percentage of the ones sent to disposal operations and, furthermore, to increase the percentage of waste directed to recycling operations.
By analysing waste production and monitoring the percentage of waste recovered from total waste produced, the company is aiming at pursuing the lessening of the quantity of waste produced per kg of product manufactured.
Compliance requirements for waste: Commission Regulation No. 1357/2014/EU and Commission Decision No. 2014/955/EU.
Donati considers environmental protection as a must. To support this choice, while creating projects designed to reduce the environmental impact of its activities, the company chooses, as far as possible, highly recyclable raw and secondary raw materials.